Although I’m an eternal optimist, I know that mistakes are an inevitable part of most human endeavors. This is especially true with complex or sophisticated tasks that need to be performed under pressure, with serious consequences for failure. However, I have realized that in sports, business, and the performing arts, it’s not whether or not you make a mistake, but how quickly recover you can recover and get back on track.

In my experience with Olympic and professional athletes, Wall Street traders, and Juilliard students, I have observed that they often tended to respond to costly mistakes in similar ways. Unfortunately, these reactions can often delay the recovery from the error, or even worse, set up another mistake. In some cases, this can lead to a train wreck. What is needed to preclude that is an effective strategy for getting back on track without delay or further damage.

After you learn and practice this recovery strategy, you will be able to rebound from mistakes so quickly and effectively that you may stop being afraid of making them. Once you stop fearing them, knowing that you can bounce back immediately from them, you will tend to make fewer of them. After that, any mistake will be an isolated event that rarely occurs, followed immediately by competent performance.

Here is the strategy that I have found to be effective with my clients to help them recover faster from mistakes:

(1) Accept the Mistake

Yes, you screwed up. Get over it – immediately. Let it go. There is no sense in denying what really happened. Resist the temptation to analyze the error or figure out how to correct it. This is not the time. You have better things to do.

(2) Take a Few Breaths

Close your eyes or soften your gaze. Focus on breathing slowly and deeply into your lower abdomen, in through your nose and out through your mouth.

(3 ) Relax Your Muscles

Mistakes frequently cause people to cringe, making their muscles tighten. Drop the tension in your forehead, jaw, neck, and upper body.

(4) Get Back into the Present

Bring your mind back into the here and now, not the past mistake. Focus on what you need to do right now, to be performing competently in this moment.

(5) Perform at a Reasonable Level

Do not attempt to compensate for the mistake by attempting to give the best performance of your life. This is not the time for a peak performance. You will just compound the error. Get the train back on the tracks before trying anything risky.

The faster you can learn to accept a mistake, breathe, relax your muscles, and bring your focus into the present, the sooner you’ll be able to have an occasional mistake be an isolated event that is immediately followed by competent performance. As long as you live in this world, and attempt challenging tasks under pressure that have serious consequences, you will have the opportunity to get better at this strategy.

So, the next time you attempt something challenging and slip up or make an error, use it as an opportunity to get better at the recover strategy.


  • Dr. Don Greene

    Dr. Don Greene, Winning On Stage

    Dr. Don Greene, a peak performance psychologist, has taught his comprehensive approach to peak performance mastery at The Juilliard School, Colburn School, New World Symphony, Los Angeles Opera Young Artists Program, Vail Ski School, Perlman Music Program, and US Olympic Training Center. During his thirty-two year career, he has coached more than 1,000 performers to win professional auditions and has guided countless solo performers to successful careers. Some of the performing artists with whom Dr. Greene has worked have won jobs with the Metropolitan Opera Orchestra, New York Philharmonic, Chicago Symphony, San Francisco Opera, Montreal Symphony, Pittsburgh Symphony, National Symphony, Cincinnati Symphony, Pacific Northwest Ballet, and the Dance Theatre of Harlem, to name just a few. Of the Olympic track and field athletes he worked with up until and through the 2016 Games in Rio, 14 won medals, including 5 gold. Dr. Greene has authored eight books including Audition Success, Fight Your Fear & Win, and Performance Success. In 2017, Dr. Greene was named a TED Educator and collaborated with musician Dr. Annie Bosler to produce the TED-Ed How to practice effectively…for just about anything. The video went viral receiving over 25 million views across Facebook and YouTube. For more information, visit