However, the way to create a correct landscape design does combine a number of traditional design elements such as mass, shape, line, texture, color and others. In the landscape, these elements are used to transform the space and create a unique experience. While color and texture add interest and richness to a design, mass, shape, and line are critical to organizing space and providing structure. Here are the key design elements to create landscaping Toronto


Seasonal stability and variety in plant mass is achieved through a mixture of evergreen and deciduous elements. Only rarely should a design consist exclusively of evergreen or deciduous material rather than a mixture of both. The size of any mass or composition depends on its location in relation to other factors, such as the need for detection, proximity to other groups, etc. The dough can be any size, but smaller ones or clumps are usually not as effective as a larger, bolder dough.


The shape is related to the natural volume of the plant. Some plants propagate their growth habit by means of a horizontal or propagating form, such as certain shrubs.

When the horizontal shapes are placed together as is the case in the hedgerow, the individual vertical shapes take on a horizontal profile. Drop hanging shapes can also be used to create softer lines or as interesting accents in the garden.


The line is an indispensable element in design. For landscape design it is used to guide the gaze through a set of plants and create a spatial connection.

Vertical lines direct the eye upward and are useful for expanding small spaces. Horizontal lines make spaces feel wider. Also provoking emotional responses; straight lines are formal and direct, while curved lines are softer and more natural. In curvilinear design, the lines should be dramatic, made with a sense of flamboyance, and very expressive in shape. Curvilinear lines that have weak, scaly edges will not be visually interesting or pleasing to the eye; they suggest a naturalistic aspect that invites the user to stroll and experience the landscape. On the other hand, straight lines, such as those found in a straight hedge or the edges of paving materials, suggest quick and direct movement. Angled lines can create opportunities to frame the landscape. Lines that interconnect at right angles create an opportunity to reflect, stop, or sit down.

Through the skillful use of lines in the landscape, the designer can direct the viewer’s attention to a focal point.


Texture relates to the coarseness or fineness of a leaf, the roughness or smoothness of the bark, the heaviness or lightness of the foliage or other components used in the landscape plane.

The texture in the landscape depends on the distance from which the observer sees the plant. In distant views, the total plant mass is the dominant feature and the fineness or smoothness of a leaf or branching pattern is lost. In terms of the overall planting plan, the texture must be balanced relative to the axis. And the weight on one side must equal the mass on the other side of the axle.