Robert specializes in smart cities, climate action, safety and security, and new technologies. He co-founded the SecDev Group - a digital risk firm - and the Igarape Institute - an award-winning think tank. He advises national and city governments, tech companies and international organizations. He is the author of eight books - including most recently Terra Incognita: 100 Maps to Survive the Next 100 Years. He is also a regular contributor to the Atlantic, BBC, CNN, Financial Times, Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, The Guardian, Economist, New York Times, and Wired. Robert delivered TED talks in 2015, 2017 and 2019. He received his PhD from the University of Oxford.