The pandemic has undoubtedly been a difficult time for everyone – adults and children.

Recent research from the Education Endowment Foundation has found that lockdown impacted children’s language and speech, setting them back in their learning.

Most concerningly, the pandemic has had a profound effect on children’s mental health. Many surveys have shown a range of problems, from children with lowered concentration to poor sleep, isolation, and even “mental distress”.

Now that schools have reopened, we’re likely to see these problems start to resolve. But there are ways we can provide the right environment for our children’s mental health and support learning at home. One way is to incorporate colour psychology into their lives. Colour psychology has shown that the hues and shades children are surrounded with at home can affect them both positively and negatively.

Here, we delve into the best colour choices for your home to support your children’s mental health, creativity, and learning.

Blue for babies and creativity

What do you think of when you see the colour blue? Some see it as calming, like a bright blue sky or the serene ocean. This is how your children perceive blue too, and it can have a number of positive effects on them.

Studies have shown blue helps babies transition more easily into sleep, leading to less fitful nights both for them and you as parents. Its calming effects are so powerful that evidence suggests it can help active children with a lot of energy to relax.

A study by the International Journal of Advanced Research has also found out that blue inspires creativity amongst children. The study gave children between 8–12 years old a set of questions, one on blue paper and one on red. It found that the children who interacted with the colour blue were able to produce more “novel” ideas with a wider variety of answers. The red group, on the other hand, gave more “ordinary” answers.

Mood boosting yellow

For most of us, yellow spotlights happiness. It’s positive, it’s bright, and it’s sunny. This means it’s the perfect mood booster for both adults and children. A landmark 1993 academic study found that children respond positively to bright colours like yellow as opposed to dark colours. It’s also associated with better concentration and memory, meaning it’s a great colour to incorporate into your child’s learning. Many recommend its use in nurseries, but at home, you could incorporate this with a yellow desk in your child’s room, or with yellow pencils, paper, or books.

Interestingly, psychologists recommend using yellow as an accent colour rather than painting your child’s room yellow. While red is well known for intensifying feelings of aggression and anger and isn’t recommended as a prominent room colour, too much yellow can also invoke this in children.

Relaxing brown

A muted brown is seen as relaxing, while beiges and pale straw colours do the same, as well as inspiring confidence. These neutral colours are essential to balancing out the bright colours that inspire joy and creativity – because you can have too much of a good thing.

You might have noticed that a lot of schools and educational institutions use muted, neutral colours. Often these come in the form of light wooden furniture, but these tones may also be found on tables and classroom walls post-nursery. This isn’t simply because they’re common interior colours, but instead because research shows too many bright colours can be distracting and overwhelming.

Grounding green

Calming, grounding green. It immediately conjures images of nature and tranquillity. The colour has so many positive effects on children that it’s hard to know where to start. Like blue, it can help children relax and even help babies drift off into a peaceful sleep.

While yellow is a great learning colour because of its ability to increase concentration and memory, green is a great addition because it can increase reading speed and a child’s understanding of text. These attributes mean green is fantastic as the main colour of a child’s bedroom, in their classroom at school, or at home.

While children are drawn to bright colours, a more muted green as a bedroom wall colour is a good idea e.g. calming but highly pigmented Boxington (Little Greene paint). These softer colours more closely resemble the greens we’ll find in nature for maximum relaxing effects.

Supporting neurodivergent children with colour

Some children may be more susceptible to being overwhelmed or distracted by colour too. While the psychology of colour on neurotypical children is well established and clearly shows bright tones are positive, autistic and neurodivergent children often react differently. Studies show 85% of neurodivergent children perceive colour more intensely. This means bright colours can contribute to sensory overload, with a 2016 academic study showing bright yellow is particularly overwhelming for autistic boys.

Many studies have shown that autistic children are drawn to the colour green, so incorporating this into your home and your child’s bedroom is likely to have a positive effect. Pale pink has also been shown as a favourite colour of autistic children. Experts recommend keeping colours in the home light and muted to make autistic children more comfortable.

It’s clear that the pandemic has had enormous impacts on our children, from their learning abilities to their mental health. With the school holidays around the corner and our children once again spending more time in the home, it’s important that we do everything we can to support them. Incorporating tried-and-tested memory, sleep, and mood-boosting colours into their bedroom and your wider home can help provide comfort and relaxation as we begin to return to normal.